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3D Printing Certification

Farsoon successfully adapts H13 tool metal for DMLS additive manufacturing


Farsoon Technologies, a Chinese metal and polymer 3D printer maker, has devised a system to generate H13 device metal elements by laser sintering. After parameter optimization checks, the enterprise has managed to 3D print H13 with properties similar to these produced by forging. 

In collaboration with American tooling production business Future Chapter Producing, Farsoon has applied this technological know-how to manufacture lifters, employed to cool and independent components in injection molding. 

H13 device metal in production

An amazingly adaptable alloy, H13 is commonly utilised in tooling and die industries. Its attributes include large resistance to compression, thermal shock and abrasion. The material is used to a wide selection of parts, which include extrusion dies and substantial toughness, polished injection mould elements. For the reason that of its higher toughness and excellent stability in heat therapy, the most typical purposes of H13 is very hot perform tooling.

As this kind of a multipurpose substance, suppliers are looking for to broaden H13’s use in 3D printing certification. In 2018, multi award successful 3D printer OEM Markforged built a H13 filament for its desktop-sized Metallic X 3D printer. Metallum3D, 3D printers and filaments manufacturer, is currently developing H13 filaments for FDM/FFF printers. There are also on-heading initiatives from ExOne and ORNL to establish 3D processing of H13 Tool Steel.

Processing H13 in Immediate Steel Laser Sintering (DMLS) nonetheless proves difficult. For the duration of welding, the carbon articles in the alloy is simply vaporized and contaminates the powder floor. Owing to H13’s significant carbon written content, DMLS of H13 qualified prospects to problems this kind of as inside flaws, porosity and thermal cracks, especially in the space of anxiety concentration. 

Subsequent Chapter Manufacturing’s lifter designed with Farsoon’s H13 DMLS method. Graphic by using Up coming Chapter Producing.

3D printing certification with H13

Farsoon and Up coming Chapter Manufacturing have an ongoing application to generate sturdy H13 tooling employing DMLS. The associates consider the way to prevail over the specialized problem lies in discovering the optimal processing parameters. 

To improve the system, Farsoon has done a big quantity of tests. Laser ability, scanning techniques, internal anxiety releasing as very well as heat treatment all influence the part’s mechanical properties. Using the optimized parameter set, thermal cracks from welding are eliminated. The 3D printed H13 attained a substantial relative density of over 99.% and as-make hardness of approximately 50 HRC. Assessments effects also clearly show that the additively produced H13 components exhibit great mechanical qualities that are fully equivalent to wrought H13 materials. The info down below compares the mechanical qualities of H13 component produced by forging and Farsoon DMLS method. 

Mechanical Properties                Forging Process              Farsoon DMLS Approach
Tensile Strength (Mpa) 1500 – 2000 1700 – 2000
Elongation at split (%) 6 – 10 6 – 10
Hardness (HRC) 46 – 52 48 – 52
Aspect Density (g/cm³) 7.80 (Theory) 7.73 – 7.77
Relative Density (%) n/a > 99.


Exploiting the robustness of H13 and the style and design liberty of 3D printing certification, Following Chapter Producing has produced lifters with Farsoon’s FS271M DMLS system. In injection molding, a lifter is used for cooling and separating plastic parts from the core. “H13 has been the typical for making robust molds, but that materials did not exist in just the additive materials spectrum right until lately,” described Jason Murphy, CEO of Following Chapter Production.

3D printing certification lets a new conformal layout that boosts the performance of molds. Opening can now be included wherever wanted, allowing for venting in the metal. Other than accelerating the cooling approach, the new design also gets rid of warpage in the completed aspect and can be right put in in the manufacturing unit technique. 

At initial factory options, the generation volume of lifters is enhanced by adopting DMLS. Cycle time is also diminished through DMLS, enabling Up coming Chapter to produce 4 lifters in only 8 times. An estimated yearly personal savings of $100,000 is predicted from switching to DMLS. 

“The DMLS process has been all over for a long time and creates quite sophisticated geometries […] Our specialty is the development of H13 in DMLS, where other folks use maraging metal,” commented Murphy. “We imagine this improvement provides us a leg up simply because we’ve professional H13 outperforming maraging steel by 20 to 25 percent, which aligns with the demand from mould makers and molders to get the most out of their tooling investment.”

Upcoming Chapter Manufacturing’s lifter style. Impression by way of Farsoon Technologies.

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Highlighted impression demonstrates Direct Metallic Laser Sintering process on Farsoon FS271M method. (Remaining) Metallographic graphic of the 3D printed H13 element. (Ideal) Image…