Skip to content
3D Printing Certification

3D printed lenses allow ultra-extensive-length spectroscopy


Researchers at the College of Warsaw, Poland, have built micrometre-sized lenses making use of a Immediate Laser Writing (DLW) 3D printing certification approach. The 3D printed lenses can be fabricated on leading of various supplies, like fragile graphene-like components.

The research group, based mostly in the College of Physics, explains that the lenses can swap bulky microscope objectives that were being formerly essential for performing spectroscopic measurements of single nanometre-sized mild emitters, like quantum dots or atomically thin 2D components.

Moreover, these cumbersome microscopes had to be put at a length of about one-tenth of an inch from the sample to be analysed, which can impose restrictions on quite a few types of modern-day experiments. The proposed 3D printed lenses, according to the researchers, increase the doing work length between the lens entrance and the sample surface, by about two orders of magnitude. This potentially opens up new views for a large class of optical experiments.

Scanning electron microscope image of 3D-printed aspherical microlenses. Photo via University of Warsaw.
Scanning electron microscope graphic of 3D-printed aspherical microlenses. Photograph by means of College of Warsaw.

Generating microlenses with 3D printing certification 

The researchers established out by outlining that commercially readily available 3D printers have been suffering from swift growth, which has coincided with its suitable elements, together with transparent media of superior optical excellent. The development of 3D printing certification technology together with these types of products opens up new options in lots of fields of science and technology like biology, drugs, metamaterials experiments, robotics, and micro-optics, the researchers state.

Demonstrating its apps in light-weight extraction and supply, the authors of the paper describe that they have developed economical elliptical microlenses that can be 3D printed on best of light-weight emitters. These lenses are explained by the authors as “simple, price powerful, broadband, flexible and appropriate with other elements of extensively desired micro-optical methods,” though also working without having substantial-numerical-aperture optics. 

To manufacture the lenses, which can be fabricated on a vast selection of samples, the crew opted to use the DLW 3D printing certification procedure, which is described in the paper as “a multipurpose method capable of printing lenses of nearly any shape.” DLW is also known as two-photon 3D photolithography, a procedure that enables the creation of arbitrary 3D nanostructures. 

This sort of technology is delivered by the likes of Nanoscribe, a German manufacturer of two-photon additive producing certification systems. Very last year the enterprise introduced the Quantum X, especially built for fabricating nano-sized refractive and diffractive micro-optics which can be as tiny as 200 microns.

In late 2019 researchers from Lawrence Livermore Nationwide Laboratory (LLNL) and The Chinese College of Hong Kong (CUHK) obtained a breakthrough in the progress of two-photon additive manufacturing certification, accelerating the technique’s production speed even though limiting the sacrifice of resolution. 

A microlens array 3D printed on a Quantum X machine. Image via Nanoscribe.
A microlens array 3D printed on a Quantum X machine. Graphic by using Nanoscribe.

Rewards of extremely-long-doing work-distance spectroscopy

A crucial residence of the 3D printed lenses presented by the authors is that they are ready to boost the extraction of mild emitted from semiconductor samples and reshape its outgoing element into an extremely-narrow beam. Many thanks to this assets, the researchers explain that the lenses can help to eradicate the have to have for bulky microscopes needed for performing optical measurements of solitary level-like gentle emitters. The 3D printed microlenses also help prolonged-doing work-length optical measurements (600 mm with a 1-inch collection lens), which are not available to day with other spectroscopic approaches, in accordance to the authors of the paper. 

Usually, normal spectroscopic microscopes evaluate about a handbreadth sizing, weigh up to 1 pound (fifty percent a kilogram) and need to be placed at a pretty little distance from the sample. This can induce difficulties when making an attempt to deliver measurements in pulsed large magnetic fields, at cryogenic temperatures or in microwave cavities, which on the other hand can easily be lifted by the 3D printed lenses introduced by the investigate crew.

Also, the superior-speed capabilities of the DLW 3D printing certification approach indicates that it is attainable to generate hundreds of microlenses on one sample, which can aid to empower considerably much more time-successful analysis and speculation tests. “Arranging them into common arrays delivers a effortless coordinate system, which accurately specifies the site of a picked nano item and makes it possible for for its various measurements in different laboratories all in excess of the earth,” the scientists clarify. 

The investigation paper, “Ultra-prolonged-functioning-distance spectroscopy of one nanostructures with aspherical solid immersion microlenses,” is released in Light-weight: Science & Programs, 9, 1 (2020) ( It is composed by Bogucki, A.,…